Chemical Leasing Toolkit

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Research and development

More research and development needs to be done to increase and improve the use of Chemical Leasing. It is important to critically reflect on the results achieved and the gaps identified in order to overcome barriers in Chemical Leasing implementation and to better position the model as best environmental practice that is also economically beneficial to companies. Research topics and challenges could include:

From a conceptual perspective, research is needed to more clearly define the scope of Chemical Leasing, and to identify when it stops being a Chemical Leasing service and become another model, such as outsourcing. In addition, the impact on working conditions and market power of the chemicals users’ increased dependency on their suppliers, and the potential for technical and logistical problems, should be examined, particularly if longer-term contracts are signed (see for example Plas, 2008). Empirical research is needed to better overview the market entry of the concept in different sectors. In general, sector-specific approaches and differences in Chemical Leasing implementation are an interesting topic for further study. It would also be interesting to do more research on identifying the skills and competencies required for companies and organisations involved in implementing Chemical Leasing.

From the perspective of context, overlaps with other research streams should be explored in the future. For example, the relationship between Chemical Leasing and green and sustainable chemistry could be further examined, and the characteristics of Chemical Leasing compared to other (innovative) business models applied to chemicals. Also the legal, macroeconomic and political dimensions could be targeted more deeply in new publications on Chemical Leasing. Relevant topics might include economic transaction theory, environmental policy, Chemical Leasing Public Private Partnerships, legal issues in Chemical Leasing contracting, Standards and Norms, quality management, the role of the insurance sector, and the role of other actors (e.g. Chemical Leasing distributors, SME’s, NGO’s or other third parties).

A list of major research contributions on Chemical Leasing is provided below:

Year Author(s) Title of article Magazin/Online Source
2002 Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft (Ed.) Chemikalien-Leasing – Modell für eine nachhaltige Stoffwirtschaft Schriftenreihe des BMLFUW Band 13/2002
2003 Thomas Jakl. Reinhard Joas, Rainer Nolte, Rudolf Schott, Andreas Windsperger Chemikalien-Leasing – ein intelligentes und integriertes Geschäftsmodell als Perspektive zur nachhaltigen Entwicklung in der Stoffwirtschaft Springer
2006 Petra Schwager & Frank Moser The application of Chemical Leasing business models in Mexico ESPR – Environ – Environ Sci & Pollut Res, 13(2), 131-137
2007 Frank Moser & Cornelia Ohl Chemical Leasing Business Models—A Contribution to the Effective Risk Management of Chemical Substances Wiley Online Library
2008 Petra Schwager & Ingrid Kaltenegger Chemical Leasing and Cleaner Production Proceedings: SCORE Conference, Brussels
2008 Thomas Jakl & Petra Schwager (Eds.) Chemical Leasing goes Global Springer
2009 Jutta Geldermann Chemical Leasing as a model for sustainable development Vol. Research Paper Nr. 9. Göttingen, Germany: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
2010 Vojislavka Satric, Branko Dunjic, Ivan Masanovic The Business Model Chemical Leasing as a Tool for Process, environmental and occupational health and safety Improvements Proceedings: ERSCP-EMSU Conference, Delft, available at: www.
2010 Anurag Priyadarshi Chemical Leasing in Colour and Environmental Management–Theoretical Framework, Implementation Methodology and Future Outlook ChL Award 2010
2010 Y. M. Gilbert Towards sustainable chemical use through Chemical Leasing ChL Award 2012
2010 BiPRO, German Federal Environment Agency Chemical Leasing as a model for sustainable development with test procedures and quality criteria on the basis of pilot projects in Germany Dessau Rosslau.
2013 Rodrigo Lozano, Angela Carpenter, Vojislavka Satric Fostering green chemistry through a collaborative business model: A Chemical Leasing case study from Serbia Journal „Resources, Conservation and Recycling“ and ChL Award 2014
2014 Rodrigo Lozano, Angela Carpenter, Francisco J. Lozano Critical reflections on the Chemical Leasing concept Journal „Resources, Conservation and Recycling
2014 Frank Moser & Thomas Jakl & Reinhard Joas & Francesco Dondi Chemical Leasing business models and corporate social responsibility Journal “Environmental Science and Pollution Research”
2014 Frank Moser, Vassilios Karavezyris, and Christopher Blum Chemical Leasing in the context of sustainable chemistry Available on Springer Link Online
2014 Frank Moser & Thomas Jakl Chemical Leasing—a review of implementation in the past decade Available on Springer Link Online